常用园林景观专业英语词汇

v2-187545640dbd248b9bc0c97e2fd68f3f_720w园林专业英语词汇
规划 planning
草图 sketch;rough map
平面 plan
剖面 section
立面 elevation
透视 perspective
示意图 diagram
容积率 coverage
城市设计 urban design; civic design
区域规划 regional planning
步行轴 ped axis
总体规划 general planning; master planning
分区规划 district planning
近期建设规划 immediate plan
城市详细规划 detailed planning
控制性详细规划 control detailed planning
修建性详细规划 site plan
居住区规划 residential district planning
城市化 urbanization
urban ecology
可持续发展 sustainable development
历史文化名城保护规划 Plan of Preservation of Historic Cities
旧城改建 urban redevelopment
开发区 development area
城市化水平 urbanization level
城市群 agglomeration
城镇体系 urban system
卫星城 satellite town
城市基础设施 urban infrastructure
居民点 settlement
市 municipality; city
生态基础设施 ecological infrastructure
牧场 pasture
市域 administrative region of a city
商业区 commercial district
行政中心 administration center
商业街 commercial street
technological region
校园规划 campus planning
城市中心区 urban center district
居住单元 flat
历史地段 history district
民政区域 civil district
水警区 waters guard district
居住区规划 residential district planning
护林区 ranger district
工业区 industrial district
林木种子公园 tree seed orchard
快速公路 thruway
城市美学 urban esthetics
游憩空间 esplanade
系统工程 systems engineering
城市更新理论 urban renewal theory

绿地/绿化带 greenbelt
绿化覆盖率 percentage of greenery coverage
绿地率 ratio of green space
工厂绿化 landscaping within factory
广场绿化 landscaping of square
居住区绿化 landscaping of residential area
谷底植栽场 improved vegetation & wild life
公共建筑绿化 landscaping around public building
室内绿化 indoor garden
城市绿化 urban virescence
城市绿化系统 urban green space system
公共绿地 public green space
专用绿地 specified green space
防护绿地 green buffer

建筑空间 architecture
剧院 show place; theater
茶楼(馆) caff;tea shop
专卖店 monopolistic shop
博物馆 museum
电影院 cinema;movie house
商场 emporium; shopping mall
体育馆 palaestra
青少年宫 callan house; children’s palace
图书馆 library
棋牌室 relaxation room
健身房 gymnasium
书店 book store
客厅 parlor
阳台 balcony
浴室 bathroom
橱柜 cabinet
合院式建筑 courtyard building
餐厅 dining-room; dining hall
入口 entrance
厨房 kitchen
屋顶 roof
小孩房 kid room
儿童游乐室/玩具室 dollhouse
起居室 living room
门廊 porch
更衣室 change room
休息室 pavilion
私家花园 private garden
居民 resident
共享地带 shared zone
工人房 servants hall
比例 scale
元素 element
会议中心 conference center

园林景观 view of the garden
乔木 arbor
灌木 shrub
铺石 band stone
地下车库 car park bellow
曲线形铺地 curved paving bands
庭园 cartilage; Garth
标志牌 (sign) courtyard identification sign
庭院 courtyard
瀑布 fall
步道 footpath
园桥 garden bridge
园林 garden and park
草本植物 herbage
藤本植物 liane
蔓本植物 liana
砌石 natural cut stone
铺地 pave
亭,阁 pavilion
榭 pavilion on terrace
植被 planting
花坛 planting beds
大广场 plaza
台 platform
栈道 deck promenade
灯柱 pole lights
小水池 pool
雕塑 sculpture
小广场 small square
小水景 small water feature
林荫树 shade trees
楼 storied building
小溪流 stream
行道树 street trees
踏石 stepping stone
踏步 terrace steps
木制平台 timber deck
草坪 turf;grass
园廊 veranda
空地 void
水景 waterscape
园墙 wall in garden
滨水地区 waterfront
茶亭 tea house
木亭 log cabin
遮阳亭 shade structure
水岸 edge
湾 bay
渡口 ferry
挡土墙 retaining wall
人行道 pavement
卵石 pebble
半岛 peninsula
常用的景观英文
1.主入口大门/岗亭(车行 & 人行) MAIN ENTRANCE GATE/GUARD HOUSE (FOR VEHICLE& PEDESTRIAN )
2.次入口/岗亭(车行 & 人行) 2ND ENTRANCE GATE/GUARD HOUSE (FOR VEHICLE& PEDESTRIAN )
3.商业中心入口ENTRANCE TO SHOPPING CTR.
4.水景WATER FEATURE
5.小型露天剧场MINI AMPHI-THEATRE
6.迎宾景观-1 WELCOMING FEATURE-1
7.观景木台TIMBER DECK (VIEWING)
8.竹园BAMBOO GARDEN
9.漫步广场WALKWAY PLAZA
10.露天咖啡廊OUT DOOR CAFE
11.巨大迎宾水景-2 GRAND WELCOMING FEATURE-2
12.木桥TIMBER BRIDGE
13.石景、水瀑、洞穴、观景台ROCK’SCAPE WATERFALL’S GROTTO/ VIEWING TERRACE
14.吊桥HANGING BRIDGE
15.休憩台地(低处) LOUNGING TERRACE (LOWER )
16.休憩台地(高处) LOUNGING TERRACE (UPPER )
17.特色踏步FEATURE STEPPING STONE
18.野趣小溪RIVER WILD
19.儿童乐园CHILDREN’S PLAYGROUND
20.旱冰道SLIDE
21.羽毛球场BADMINTON COURT
22.旱景DRY LANDSCAPE
23.日艺园JAPANESE GARDEN
24.旱喷泉DRY FOUNTAIN
25.观景台VIEWING DECK
26.游泳池SWIMMING POOL
27.极可意JACUZZI
28.嬉水池WADING POOL
29.儿童泳池CHILDREN’S POOL
30.蜿蜒水墙WINDING WALL
31.石景雕塑ROCK SCULPTURE
32.中心广场CENTRAL PLAZA
33.健身广场EXERCISE PLAZA
34.桥BRIDGE
35.交流广场MEDITATING PLAZA
36.趣味树阵TREE BATTLE FORMATION
37.停车场PARING AREA
38.特色花架TRELLIS
39.雕塑小道SCULPTURE TRAIL
40.(高尔夫)轻击区PUTTING GREEN
41.高尔夫球会所GOLF CLUBHOUSE
42.每栋建筑入口ENTRANCE PAVING TO UNIT
43.篮球场BASKETBALL COURT
44.网球场TENNIS COURT
45.阶梯***/种植槽TERRACING SEATWALL/PLANTER
46.广场MAIN PLAZA
47.森林、瀑布FOREST GARDEN WATERFALL
48.石景园ROCKERY GARDEN
49.旱溪DRY STREAM
50.凉亭PAVILION
51.户外淋浴OUTDOOR SHOWER
52.拉膜结构TENSILE STRUCTURE
53.台阶STAIR
54.高尔夫球车停车场PARKING ( GOLF CAR )
55.健身站EXERCISE STATION
56.晨跑小路JOGGING FOOTPATH
57.车道/人行道DRIVEWAY /SIDEWALK
58.人行漫步道PROMENADE
59.瀑布及跳舞喷泉(入口广场) WATER FALL AND DANCING FOUNTAIN ( ENTRY PLAZA )
60.特色入口 ENTRY FEATURE 61.石景广场 ROCKERY PLAZA

常用造价英语词汇
估算/费用估算:estimate/cost estimate;
估算类型:types of estimate;
详细估算:是偏差幅度最小的估算,defined estimate;
设备估算:equipment estimate;
分析估算:analysis estimate;
报价估算:roposal estimate;
控制估算:control estimate;
初期控制估算:interim control estimate/initial control estimate
批准的控制估算:initial approved cost
核定估算:check estimate
首次核定估算:first check estimate
二次核定估算:production check estimate
人工时估算:man hour estimate
材料费用/直接材料费用:material cost/direct material cost
设备费用/设备购买费用:equipment cost/purchased cost of equipment
散装材料费用/散装材料购买费用:bulk material cost/purchased cost of bulk material
施工费用:construction cost
施工人工费用:labor cost/construction force cost
设备安装人工费用:labor cost associated with equipment
散装材料施工安装人工费用:labor cost associated with bulk materials
人工时估算定额:standard manhours
施工人工时估算定额:standard labor manhours
标准工时定额:standard hours
劳动生产率:labor productivity/productivity factor/productivity ratio
修正的人工时估算值:adjusted manhours
人工时单价:manhours rate
施工监督费用:cost of construction supervision
施工间接费用:cost of contruction indirects
分包合同费用/现场施工分包合同费用:subcontract cost/field subcontract cost
公司本部费用:home office cost
公司管理费用:overhead
非工资费用:non payroll
开车服务费用:cost of start-up services
其他费用:other cost
利润/预期利润:profit/expected profit
服务酬金:service gains
风险:risk
风险分析:risk analysis
风险备忘录:risk memorandum
未可预见费:contingency
基本未可预见费:average contingency
最大风险未可预见费:maximum risk contingency
用户变更/合同变更:cilent change/contract change
认可的用户变更:approved client change
待定的用户变更:pending client change
项目变更:project change
内部变更:internalchange
批准的变更:authoried change
强制性变更:mandatory change
选择性变更:optional change
内部费用转换:internal transfer
认可的预计费用:anticipated approved cost
涨价值:escalation
项目费用汇总报告:project cost summary report
项目实施费用状态报告:project operation cost status report
总价合同:lump sum contract
偿付合同:reimbursible contract
预算:budget

02.1 总论
2.0001 园林学landscape architecture, garden architecture
2.0002 造园学garden making, landscape gardening
2.0003 环境园艺学environmental horticulture
2.0004 观赏园艺学ornamental horticulture
2.0005 园林艺术garden art
2.0006 园林美学garden aesthetics
2.0007 园林建筑学garden architecture
2.0008 园林建筑garden building
2.0009 园林工程garden engineering
2.0010 园林植物landscape plant
2.0011 观赏植物ornamental plant
2.0012 盆景miniature landscape, penjing
2.0013 园林garden and park
2.0014 园林学史history of garden architecture
2.0015 园林规划garden planning, landscaping planning
2.0016 园林设计garden design
2.0017 园林机具设备gardening machine
2.0018 园林管理garden management
2.0019 园林生态landscape ecology
2.0020 绿化greening, planting
2.0021 环境绿化environmental greening
2.0022 绿地面积green area
2.0023 绿地率ratio of green space
2.0024 城市绿化覆盖率urban green coverage
2.0025 工厂绿化factory greening, factory garden-ing
2.0026 街道绿化street greening, street planting
2.0027 车行道绿化driveway greening
2.0028 分车带绿化dividing stripe greening
2.0029 人行道绿化sidewalk greening
2.0030 群众绿化mass planting movement
2.0031 郊区绿化suburban greening
2.0032 公路绿化highway greening
2.0033 铁路绿化railway greening, railway planting
2.0034 堤岸种植bank planting
2.0035 阳台绿化balcony greening
2.0036 窗台绿化window-sill greening
2.0037 屋顶绿化roof greening
2.0038 垂直绿化vertical greening
2.0039 攀缘绿化climber greening
2.0040 桥头绿化bridgehead greening
2.0041 花园garden
2.0042 专类花园specified flower garden
2.0043 花园村garden village
2.0044 园林城市landscape garden city
2.0045 蔷薇园rose garden
2.0046 松柏园conifer garden
2.0047 球根园bulb garden
2.0048 宿根园perennial garden
2.0049 假山园rock garden, Chinese rockery
2.0050 狩猎场hunting ground
2.0051 街心花园street crossing center garden
2.0052 小游园petty street garden
2.0053 水景园water garden
2.0054 铺地园paved garden
2.0055 野趣园wild plants botanical garden
2.0056 野生植物园wild plants garden
2.0057 乡趣园rustic garden
2.0058 盆景园penjing garden, miniature landscape
2.0059 动物园 zoo, zoological garden
2.0060 墓园cemetery garden

2.0061 沼泽园bog and marsh garden
2.0062 水生植物园aquatic plants garden
2.0063 学校园school garden
2.0064 室内花园indoor garden
2.0065 芳香花园fragrant garden
2.0066 盲人花园garden for the blind
2.0067 公园park, public park
2.0068 城市公园city park, urban park
2.0069 区公园regional park
2.0070 儿童公园children park
2.0071 体育公园sports park
2.0072 森林公园forest park
2.0073 纪念公园memorial park
2.0074 烈士纪念公园martyr memorial park
2.0075 综合公园comprehensive park
2.0076 文化公园cultural park
2.0077 文化休憩公园cultural and recreation park
2.0078 中央公园central park
2.0079 天然公园natural park
2.0080 海滨公园seaside park, seabeach park
2.0081 古迹公园historic site park
2.0082 河滨公园riverside park
2.0083 湖滨公园lakeside park
2.0084 路边公园roadside park, street park
2.0085 娱乐公园amusement park
2.0086 雕塑公园sculpture park
2.0087 休憩公园recreation park
2.0088 疗养公园sanatorium park
2.0089 国家公园national park
2.0090 邻里公园neighborhood park
2.0091 特种公园special park
2.0092 植物园botanical garden
2.0093 植物公园 abeled plants park
2.0094 高山植物园 alpine garden
2.0095 热带植物园 tropical plants garden
2.0096 药用植物园 medical plants garden, herb garden
2.0097 绿地 green space
2.0098 公共绿地public green space
2.0099 单位绿地unit green area
2.0100 城市绿地urban green space
2.0101 街道广场绿地street and square green area
2.0102 居住区绿地residential quarter green area
2.0103 防护绿地green area for environmental protection
2.0104 郊区绿地suburban green space
2.0105 街坊绿地residential block green belt
2.0106 附属绿地attached green space
2.0107 生产绿地productive plantation area
2.0108 苗圃nursery
2.0109 风景landscape, scenery
2.0110 自然景观natural landscape
2.0111 人文景观human landscape, scenery of humanities
2.0112 草原景观prairie landscape
2.0113 山岳景观mountain landscape, alpine landscape
2.0114 地理景观geographical landscape
2.0115 湖泊景观lake view
2.0116 郊区景观suburban landscape
2.0117 地质景观geological landscape
2.0118 喀斯特景观karst landscape
2.0119 植物景观plants landscape, flora landscape

02.2.1 中国园林史
2.0120 中国古典园林classical Chinese garden
2.0121 中国传统园林traditional Chinese garden
2.0122 中国古代园林ancient Chinese garden
2.0123 中国山水园Chinese mountain and water garden
2.0124 帝王宫苑imperial palace garden
2.0125 皇家园林royal garden
2.0126 私家园林private garden
2.0127 江南园林garden on the Yangtze Delta
02.2.2 西方园林史
2.0128 西方古典园林western classical garden
2.0129 英国式园林English style garden
2.0130 中英混合式园林Anglo-Chinese style garden
2.0131 意大利式园林Italian style garden
2.0132 西班牙式园林Spanish style garden
2.0133 法兰西式园林French style garden
2.0134 勒诺特尔式园林Le Notre’s style garden
2.0135 文艺复兴庄园Renaissance style villa
2.0136 洛可可式园林Rococo style garden
2.0137 巴洛克式园林Baroque style garden
2.0138 庄园manor, villa garden
2.0139 廊柱园peristyle garden, patio
2.0140 绿廊xystus
2.0141 迷阵maze, labyrinth
02.2.3 典型中西园林
2.0142 灵囿Ling You Hunting Garden
2.0143 灵沼Ling Zhao Water Garden
2.0144 灵台Ling Tai Platform Garden
2.0145 阿房宫E-Pang Palace
2.0146 上林苑Shang-Lin Yuan
2.0147 未央宫Wei-Yang Palace
2.0148 洛阳宫Luoyang Palace
2.0149 华清官Hua-Qing Palace
2.0150 艮岳Gen Yue Imperial Garden
2.0151 圆明园Yuan-Ming Yuan Imperial Garden
2.0152 颐和园Yi-He Yuan Imperial Garden,Summer Palace
2.0153 承德避暑山庄Chengde Imperial Summer Resort
2.0154 苏州园林Suzhou traditional garden
2.0155 悬园Hanging Garden
2.0156 英国皇家植物园Royal Botanical Garden, Kew garden
2.0157 凡尔赛宫苑Versailles Palace Park
2.0158 枫丹白露宫园Fontainebleau Palace Garden

02.3 园林艺术
2.0159 景view, scenery, feature
2.0160 远景distant view
2.0161 近景nearby view
2.0162 障景obstructive scenery, blocking view
2.0163 借景borrowed scenery, view borrowing
2.0164 对景opposite scenery, view in opposite place
2.0165 缩景miniature scenery, abbreviated scenery
2.0166 漏景leaking through scenery
2.0167 框景enframed scenery
2.0168 尾景terminal feature
2.0169 主景main feature
2.0170 副景secondary feature
2.0171 配景objective view
2.0172 夹景vista line, vista
2.0173 前景front view
2.0174 背景background
2.0175 景序order of sceneries
2.0176 景点feature spot, view spot
2.0177 仰视景观upward landscape
2.0178 俯视景观downward landscape
2.0179 季相景观seasonal phenomena
2.0180 气象景观meteorological diversity scenery
2.0181 视野visual field
2.0182 秋色fall color, autumn color
2.0183 园林空间garden space
2.0184 开敞空间wide open space, wide space
2.0185 封闭空间enclosure space
2.0186 意境 artistic conception, poetic imagery
2.0187 苍古antiquity
2.0188 空灵spaciousness, airiness
2.0189 动观in-motion viewing
2.0190 静观 in-position viewing
2.0191 视错觉visual illusion
2.0192 园林艺术布局artistic layout of garden
2.0193 对称平衡symmetrical balance
2.0194 不对称平衡asymmetrical balance
2.0195 左右对称bilateral symmetry
2.0196 辐射对称radial symmetry
2.0197 透景线perspective line
2.0198 轴线axis, axial line
2.0199 主轴main axis 2.0200 副轴auxiliary axis
2.0201 暗轴hidden axis, invisible axis
2.0202 树冠线skyline
2.0203 园林色彩艺术art of garden colors
2.0204 单色谐调monochromatic harmony
2.0205 复色谐调compound chromatic harmony
2.0206 对比色突出contrast colors accent
2.0207 近似色谐调approximate colors harmony
2.0208 暖色warm color
2.0209 冷色cool color
2.0210 色感color sense
2.0211 城市绿地系统规划urban green space system planning
2.0212 绿地系统green space system
2.0213 公共绿地定额public green space quota
2.0214 公共绿地指标public green space norm
2.0215 绿地布局green space layout
2.0216 吸引圈attractive circle
2.0217 吸引距离attractive distance
2.0218 有效半径effective radius
2.0219 绿地资源green space resource
2.0220 绿地效果green space effect
2.0221 绿地规划程序planning procedure of the green space
2.0222 空间规划space planning
2.0223 形象规划image plan
2.0224 实施规划implementary plan
2.0225 必要生活空间necessary living space
2.0226 余暇生活空间leisure time living space
2.0227 利用频度usage frequency
2.0228 树种规划planning of trees and shrubs
2.0229 绿地类型type of green space
2.0230 环状绿型annular green space
2.0231 块状绿地green plot
2.0232 点状绿地green spot
2.0233 放射状绿地radiate green space
2.0234 楔状绿地wedge-shaped green space
2.0235 缓冲绿地buffer green space
2.0236 防音绿地noise proof green space
2.0237 科学景观论scientific landscape theory
2.0238 园林保留地reserve garden
2.0239 公园规划park planning
2.0240 园林总体规划garden master planning

2.0241 总平面规划site planning
2.0242 园林分区garden zoning
2.0243 安静休息区tranquil rest area
2.0244 儿童活动区children playing space
2.0245 儿童游戏场children playground, playlot
2.0246 体育运动区sports activities area
2.0247 野餐区picnic place
2.0248 散步区pedestrian space
2.0249 群众集会区mass meeting square
2.0250 观赏植物区ornamental plants area
2.0251 观赏温室区display greenhouse area, display conservatory area
2.0252 草坪区lawn space
2.0253 绿荫区shade tree section
2.0254 历史古迹区historical relics area
2.0255 青少年活动区youngsters activities area
2.0256 诱鸟区bird sanctuary area
2.0257 钓鱼区fishing center
2.0258 野营区camp site
2.0259 游人中心visitors center
2.0260 服务中心service center
2.0261 探险游乐场adventure ground
2.0262 文化活动区cultural activities area
2.0263 道路系统approach system, road system
2.0264 环形道路系统circular road system
2.0265 方格形道路系统latticed road system
2.0266 放射形道路系统radiate road system
2.0267 自然式道路系统informal road system
2.0268 规整式道路系统formal road system
2.0269 混合式道路系统mixed style road system
2.0270 园林规划图garden planning map
2.0271 园林规划说明书garden planning direction
2.0272 城市公园系统urban park system
2.0273 公园分布distribution of parks
2.0274 公园类型park type, park category
2.0275 公园间距distance between parks
2.0276 公园形式park styles
2.0277 游览区excursion area, open-to-public area
2.0278 非游览区no-admittance area
2.0279 办公区administrative area
2.0280 服务区service center
2.0281 动休息区dynamic rest space
2.0282 静休息区static rest space
2.0283 娱乐演出区entertaining performance place
2.0284 主要入口main entrance
2.0285 次要入口secondary entrance
2.0286 人流量visitors flowrate
2.0287 车流量vehicle flowrate
2.0288 公园道路park road
2.0289 公园水陆面积比率land-water ratio
2.0290 游人容纳量visitors capacity
2.0291 风景资源调查landscape resource evaluation
2.0292 风景学scenicology
2.0293 风景规划landscape plan
2.0294 风景设计landscape design
2.0295 游览路线touring route
2.0296 旅游资源tourism resource
2.0297 旅游地理tourism geography
2.0298 旅游地质tourism geology
2.0299 历史名城famous historical city
2.0300 文化名城famous cultural city
2.0301 文化遗址ancient cultural relic
2.0302 天然博物馆natural open museum
2.0303 风景地貌natural geomorphology
2.0304 造型地貌imaginative geomorphologic figuration
2.0305 风景区scenic spot, scenic area
2.0306 风景名胜famous scenery, famous scenic site
2.0307 特异景观风景区specific natural scenes area
2.0308 民族风俗风景区scenic spot of minority customs
2.0309 高山风景区alpine scenic spot
2.0310 海滨风景区seabeach scenic spot
2.0311 森林风景区forest scenic spot
2.0312 高山草甸风景区alpine tundra landscape spot
2.0313 峡谷风景区valley scenic spot
2.0314 江河风景区river landscape district
2.0315 湖泊风景区lake round scenic spot
2.0316 温泉风景区hot spring scenic spot
2.0317 瀑布风景区waterfall scenic spot
2.0318 禁伐禁猎区region forbidden to tree cutting and hunting
2.0319 封山育林区region closed for afforestation
2.0320 天池风景区crater lake scenic spot
2.0321 自然保护区nature protection area
2.0322 科学保护区protection area for scientific research
2.0323 天然纪念物natural monument
2.0324 生物圈保护区biosphere protection area
02.5 园林设计
2.0325 园林设计师landscape architect, garden designer
2.0326 园址测量图garden site survey map
2.0327 地形图topographic map, contour map
2.0328 种植设计planting design
2.0329 地形改造设计topographical reform design
2.0330 种植大样图detail planting design
2.0331 造价分析cost analysis
2.0332 园林形式garden style
2.0333 规整式园林formal garden style
2.0334 非规整园林informal garden style
2.0335 几何式园林geometric garden style
2.0336 自然式园林natural garden style
2.0337 混合式园林mixed garden style
2.0338 近代巴洛克式园林modern Baroque style
2.0339 马克斯抽象园林R.B. Marx abstract garden
2.0340 园林区划garden area division
2.0341 园林分区规划garden block planning
2.0342 庭院花园courtyard garden
2.0343 前庭front yard, forecourt
2.0344 后庭back yard, rear yard
2.0345 中庭patio
2.0346 厨园kitchen yard
2.0347 沉[床]园sunken garden
2.0348 窗园window garden
2.0349 墙园wall garden
2.0350 宅园home garden
2.0351 台地园terrace garden
2.0352 冬园winter garden
2.0353 切花园cut flower garden
2.0354 屋顶花园roof garden
2.0355 后花园back yard garden
2.0356 园林地形改造topographical reform of garden
2.0357 土山earth piled hill, artificial mound
2.0358 假山rockery, artificial rockwork
2.0359 太湖石Taihu Lake stone, water modelled stone
2.0360 黄石yellowish brown stone
2.0361 人造假山石artificial stone, man-made stone
2.0362 孤赏石monolith, standing stone
2.0363 掇山piled stone hill, hill making
2.0364 叠石stones laying
2.0365 板石flag stone
2.0366 散点石scattered stone
2.0367 抱角石corner stone
2.0368 屋基石foundation stone
2.0369 排衙石guard stone
2.0370 屏石screen stone
2.0371 石岸rock bank
2.0372 石阶stone steps
2.0373 汀步stepping stone on water surface
2.0374 附壁石stone appended to wall
2.0375 石花台stone flower bed
2.0376 石凳stone bench
2.0377 假山石挡土墙rock retaining wall
2.0378 干砌石dry stone wall
2.0379 假山石楼梯rock stairway
2.0380 石亭stone pavilion
2.0381 石洞stone cavern
2.0382 石窟grotto
2.0383 置石stone arrangement, stone layout
2.0384 拱石arch stone
2.0385 拱顶石key stone
2.0386 园林水景water scenes of garden
2.0387 水体water body
2.0388 水面water surface
2.0389 水池pool
2.0390 水塘pond
2.0391 喷泉fountain
2.0392 喷水池fountain pool
2.0393 涉水池wading pool
2.0394 倒影池mirror pool, reflecting pool
2.0395 睡莲池water-lily pool
2.0396 喷水管布置piping schema
2.0397 钓鱼塘fishing pond
2.0398 高水位池塘high water table pond
2.0399 池边坐人矮墙seat wall surrounded pool
2.0400 隐头喷泉secret fountain
2.0401 岛园island garden
2.0402 半岛园peninsula garden
2.0403 小岛isle
2.0404 瀑布waterfall
2.0405 小瀑布cascade
2.0406 湖lake
2.0407 矶rock projecting over water
2.0408 水帘洞water curtain cave
2.0409 园桥garden bridge
2.0410 拱桥arch bridge
2.0411 石板桥stone slab bridge
2.0412 木板桥plank bridge
2.0413 圆木桥log bridge
2.0414 亭桥pavilion bridge
2.0415 曲桥zigzag bridge
2.0416 壁泉wall fountain
2.0417 饮水喷头drinking fountain
2.0418 植物配植plant arrangement
2.0419 树木配植arrangement of trees and shrubs
2.0420 群植group planting, mass planting
2.0421 孤植specimen planting, isolated planting
2.0422 丛植clump planting
2.0423 组植group planting
2.0424 林植forest planting
2.0425 列植linear planting

2.0426 对植opposite planting, coupled planting
2.0427 环植circular planting
2.0428 带植belt planting
2.0429 散植scattered planting, loose planting
2.0430 边缘种植edge planting
2.0431 边界种植boundary planting
2.0432 整形种植architectural planting
2.0433 基础种植foundation planting
2.0434 角隅种植corner planting
2.0435 景框种植planting as enframent
2.0436 门卫种植guard planting
2.0437 篱恒种植fence planting
2.0438 障景种植screen planting
2.0439 背景种植background planting
2.0440 林下种植underwood planting
2.0441 路边种植roadside planting
2.0442 绿篱hedge
2.0443 树墙espalier
2.0444 庭荫树shade tree
2.0445 园景树specimen tree
2.0446 风景林amenity forest, ornamental forest
2.0447 行道树avenue tree, street tree
2.0448 纪念林memorial forest
2.0449 整型树topiary tree
2.0450 花篱flower hedge’
2.0451 刺篱thorny plants hedge
2.0452 常绿绿篱evergreen hedge
2.0453 落叶绿篱deciduous hedge
2.0454 高篱high hedge
2.0455 沟中边篱hah-hah fence
2.0456 图案矮篱pattern dwarf hedge
2.0457 迷宫绿篱labyrinth hedge
2.0458 整剪绿篱clipped hedge
2.0459 自然式花篱natural flowering hedge
2.0460 边篱boundary fence
2.0461 园篱garden fence, garden hedge
2.0462 纯林pure forest
2.0463 混交林 mixed forest
2.0464 林间隙地 open space in woodland
2.0465 杂木林 spinney
2.0466 树冠覆盖面 tree canopy
2.0467 草坪 lawn
2.0468 整形草坪 formal lawn
2.0469 开花草坪 flowering lawn
2.0470 牧场草坪 meadowy land
2.0471 花坛 flower bed
2.0472 路边花坛 roadside flower bed
2.0473 带状花坛 ribbon flower bed
2.0474 时钟花坛 flower clock
2.0475 盆栽花坛 potted flower bed, basined flower bed
2.0476 高设花台raised flower bed
2.0477 毛毡花坛 carpet bed
2.0478 镶嵌花坛 mosaic bed
2.0479 铺石花坛 paved bed
2.0480 灌木花坛 shrub bed
2.0481 图案花坛群 parterre
2.0482 草药花坛 herbaceous flower bed
2.0483 花结花坛 knot bed
2.0484 整形花坛 formal flower bed
2.0485 花境 flower border
2.0486 花桶flower tub
2.0487 植树箱planting box
2.0488 活动花坛movable flower bed
2.0489 瓶饰garden vase
2.0490 灌木花境shrub border
2.0491 混合花境mixed border
2.0492 园林道路设计garden road design, garden path design
2.0493 漫步路trail, footway
2.0494 小径alley, path
2.0495 川草坪岛lawn island
2.0496 安全岛traffic island, refuge island
2.0497 转弯曲度turning curvature
2.0498 转弯半径turning radius
2.0499 踏面landing pitch
2.0500 步石stepping stone
2.0501 涉水踏步wading step
2.0502 错铺路crazy paving path
2.0503 随意组合方石板路flag stone path paved at random
2.0504 花纹路pattern path
2.0505 林荫路mall
2.0506 林荫大道boulevard
2.0507 花园路parkway
2.0508 林间小道path in woodland
2.0509 种植池planting bed
2.0510 树池保护格栅tree grate
2.0511 树干保护套栏tree guard
2.0512 树池坐凳矮墙seatwall-surrounded planting
2.0513 路面线纹score line
2.0514 传统园林建筑 traditional garden building
2.0515 凉亭 summer shelter
2.0516 活树亭 arbor, tent arbor
2.0517 蘑菇亭 mushroom pavilion
2.0518 茅亭 thatched pavilion
2.0519 竹亭 bamboo pavilion
2.0520 茶亭 tea booth, tea kiosk
2.0521 回廊 cloister
2.0522 水廊 corridor on water
2.0523 曲廊 zigzag veranda
2.0524 扒山廊 sloping gallery
2.0525 楼廊 two-storied gallery
2.0526 画舫 painted pleasure boat
2.0527 石舫 stone boat
2.0528 不击舟 immovable pleasure boat
2.0529 诗条石 poem-engraved stone slab
2.0530 月洞门 moon gate

2.0531 扶手栏杆 handrail
2.0532 坐凳栏杆 seat rail
2.0533 石碑 stone tablet, stele
2.0534 园林露天剧场 open garden theater
2.0535 园林露天舞池 open garden dancing place
2.0536 露天音乐台 outdoor music stand
2.0537 眺望台 prospect deck
2.0538 繁殖温室 plant propagation greenhouse
2.0539 展览温室 public conservatory
2.0540 月池 new-moon pool
2.0541 small garden ornaments
2.0542 磁砖壁画 painted tile mural tablet
2.0543 园椅 garden chair, garden seat
2.0544 园凳 garden bench
2.0545 园桌 garden table
2.0546 园灯 garden lamp
2.0547 日规 sundial
2.0548 鸟浴 bird bath
2.0549 鸟舍 bird cottage, nestle box
2.0550 鸟笼 bird cage, bird coop
2.0551 悬篮 hanging basket
2.0552 野鸟喂食器 bird feeder
2.0553 额匾 horizontal inscribed board
2.0554 楹联 couplet written on scroll, couplet on pillar
2.0555 引露天烤炉 open barbecue
2.0556 树棚 living-tree pergola
2.0557 花架 pergola
2.0558 花格架 trellis, treillage
2.0559 点景牌楼 naming pailou, decorated archway
2.0560 园林施工 garden layout, garden construction
2.0561 种植工程 planting engineering
2.0562 大树移植 big tree transplanting
2.0563 裸根移植 bare root transplanting
2.0564 土球移植 ball transplanting
2.0565 沟植 trench planting
2.0566 假植 heeling in, temporary planting
2.0567 播种草坪 seeding lawn
2.0568 铺草皮块草坪 sodding lawn
2.0569 假山工程 rockery engineering
2.0570 掇山五法 five methods” of rock piling
2.0571 等分平衡法 method of making the rock equa-tional and balanced
2.0572 前轻后重法 method of making the front part of rock lighter than the back part
2.0573 上轻下重法 method of lowering the center of gravity of rocks
2.0574 纹理统一法 method of unifying the rock veins
2.0575 石料统一法 method of unifying the rock mate-rials
2.0576 观赏树木 ornamental tree and shrub
2.0577 观叶植物 foliage plant
2.0578 观果植物 fruit-effect plant
2.0579 观枝干植物 plants with ornamental trunks and branches
2.0580 指示植物 indicating plant
2.0581 主景植物 accent plant
2.0582 耐湿植物 damp tolerant plant
2.0583 抗风植物 wind-resistant plant
2.0584 耐盐碱植物 saline-alkali tolerant plan
t2.0585 市花 city flower
2.0586 市树 city tree
2.0587 国花 national flower
2.0588 国树 national tree
2.0589 芳香植物 fragrant plant
2.0590 抗污染植物 pollution resistant plant
2.0591 环保植物 environment protecting plant
2.0592 高山植物 alpine plant
2.0593 岩生植物 rock plant
2.0594 攀缘植物 climbing plant, climber
2.0595 地被植物 ground cover plant
2.0596 阴生植物 shade plant
2.0597 装饰植物 decorative plant
2.0598 装缘植物 edging plant
2.0599 绿蓠植物 hedge plant
2.0600 草坪植物 lawn plant, lawn grass
2.0601 花坛植物 bedding plant
2.0602 球根植物 bulbous plant
2.0603 宿根植物 perennial plant, perennial
2.0604 水生植物 aquatic plant, hydrophyte
2.0605 旱生植物 xerophyte
2.0606 沼泽植物 bog plant, swamp plant
2.0607 室内装饰植物 indoor decorative plant, house plant
2.0608 切花 cut flower
2.0609 垂枝植物 pendulous plant, weeping plant
2.0610 缠绕植物 twiner, twinning plant
2.0611 针叶植物 needle-leaved plant
2.0612 阔叶植物 broad-leaved plant
2.0613 斑叶植物 variegate-leaved plant
2.0614 松柏植物 conifer
2.0615 常绿植物 evergreen plant
2.0616 半常绿植物 semi-evergreen plant
2.0617 不耐寒植物 tender plant
2.0618 半耐寒植物 half-hardy plant
2.0619 耐寒植物 hardy plant
2.0620 耐旱植物 drought enduring plant
2.0621 山石材料 stone material
2.0622 昆山石 Kunshan stone
2.0623 钟乳石 stalactite
2.0624 灵壁石 Lingbi stone
2.0625 英德石 Yingde stone
2.0626 青石 Qing stone
2.0627 宣石 Xuan stone
2.0628 房山石 Fangshan stone
2.0629 观赏动物 ornamental animal
2.0630 观赏鸟类 ornamental bird
2.0631 观赏兽类 ornamental beast
2.0632 观赏昆虫类 ornamental insect

02.8 园林机具设备
2.0633 园林机械 garden machine
2.0634 园林工具 garden instrument, garden implement
2.0635 园林设备 garden equipment
2.0636 花坛分界隔板 plastic bed divider
2.0637 种植容器 planting container
2.0638 圆木桩 log peg
2.0639 喷射装置 jet bubbler
2.0640 滴灌 trickle irrigator, drip irrigator
2.0641 环动喷灌器 circle sprinkler
2.0642 圆筒喷灌器 rotor sprinkler
2.0643 自控器 automatic controller
2.0644 管端喷灌器 hose end sprinkler
2.0645 固定喷灌器 stationary sprinkler
2.0646 喷雾喷灌器 mist sprinkler, spray head sprinkler
2.0647 喷灌覆盖面 sprinkler coverage
2.0648 草坪加肥器 lawn feeder
2.0649 施肥喷灌器 combined feeder and sprinkler
2.0650 液肥混合调配器 liquid fertilizer mixer-proportioner
2.0651 滴水喷头 emitter, dripper
2.0652 水土保持塑料网 erosion control plastic net
2.0653 苗木包装材料 nursery stock package material
2.0654 麻布袋 burlap bag
2.0655 铁丝篮 wire basket
2.0656 篮状种植器 basket container
2.0657 塑料苗木桶 plastic nurserican
2.0658 播种盘 seed tray
2.0659 网孔盆 mesh pot
2.0660 含肥泥炭盆 fertile peat pot
2.0661 盆栽机 potting machine
2.0662 换盆机 repotting machine
2.0663 再生纸种植器 reclaimed paper container
2.0664 纤维育苗器 wood fiber plant grower
2.0665 泥炭压制播种饼 peat seeding pellet, peat seeding starter
2.0666 松土除草机 cultivator
2.0667 旋转锄 rotary hoe
2.0668 切叶机 foliage cutter
2.0669 翻地犁 uncovering plough
2.0670 盖土机 mounted spreader
2.0671 前悬装土机 front mounted loader
2.0672 后缀装土机 rear mounted loader
2.0673 旋轴剪草机 spindle mower
2.0674 栽植机 planting machine
2.0675 植物覆盖 plant mulching
2.0676 覆盖物分散机 mulch spreader
2.0677 种子液肥喷洒机 hydro seeder
2.0678 修枝剪 pruning shear
2.0679 播种器garden seeder
2.0680 球根种植器 bulb planter
2.0681 土壤酸度探测器 pH-value computer
2.0682 巴效分析器 fertilizer analyzer
2.0683 嫁接刀 grafting knife
2.0684 温室设备 greenhouse equipment
2.0685 盆栽灌水系统 pot watering system
2.0686 温室气候控制器 greenhouse climate controller
2.0687 温室覆盖 greenhouse covering
2.0688 喷雾自控系统 automatic mist control system
2.0689 二氧化碳发生器 C02 generator
2.0690 温度报警钟 temperature alarm
2.0691 游览车 park sightseeing bus
2.0692 引剪草机 lawn mower
2.0693 动力剪草机 power lawnmower
2.0694 畜力剪草机 horse lawnmower
2.0695 手推剪草机 hand lawnmower
2.0696 游人调查 visitors investigation
2.0697 游人统计 visitors statistics
2.0698 游人分析 garden visitors analysis
2.0699 游人管理 visitors management
2.0700 导游图 tourist map

2.0701 导游解说 tour descri ption and direction
2.0702 劳动管理 labour management
2.0703 物资管理 material handling, goods handling
2.0704 设备管理 equipment management, facility management
2.0705 财务管理 financial management
2.0706 安全管理 safety management
2.0707 环境监测 environmental monitor
2.0708 植物养护管理 plant maintenance and management
2.0709 园林技术管理 garden technical management
2.0710 质量管理 quality management
2.0711 园貌维修 garden feature maintenance
2.0712 植物整形修剪 plant trimming and pruning
2.0713 植物病虫防治 disease and insect control
2.0714 园林管理规划 management plan
2.0715 游人意见处理 treatment of visitors opinions
2.0716 游人规则 visitors regulation
2.0717 园内交通管理 traffic control in park
2.0718 园外交通管理 traffic control out of park entrance
2.0719 汽车停车规则 parking rules
2.0720 自行车停放规则 bicycle parking rules
2.0721 开放时间 opening time
2.0722 日常清洁卫生管理 daily sanitation and hygiene management
2.0723 人类生态环境 human ecological environment
2.0724 自然系统 natural system
2.0725 自然资源 natural resource
2.0726 自然保护 conservation of nature
2.0727 自然保存 natural preservation
2.0728 环境保护 environmental protection
2.0729 环境容量 environment capacity
2.0730 环境适宜性 environment fitness
2.0731 环境空气质量标准 ambient air quality
2.0732 共生 symbiosis
2.0733 互惠共生 mutualism
2.0734 公害 public nuisance
2.0735 生态绝灭 ecological extinction
2.0736 生态系统 ecosystem
2.0737 生态圈 ecosphere
2.0738 生态灾难 ecological disaster
2.0739 环境质量 environmental quality
2.0740 环境压力 environment stress
2.0741 生命维持系统 life-support system
2.0742 反馈系统 feedback system
2.0743 自养生物 autotroph
2.0744 异养生物 heterotroph
2.0745 食物链 foodchain
2.0746 生物圈 biosphere
2.0747 濒危植物 endangered plant, threatened plant
2.0748 主体群落 major community
2.0749 人工群落 artificial community
2.0750 革命 green revolution
2.0751 户外娱乐资源 outdoor recreation resource
2.0752 原始环境系统 wilderness environment system
2.0753 近代环境系统 modern environment system
2.0754 乡村生活模式 country life-pattern
2.0755 烟害 smoke pollution, fume pollution
2.0756 雾害 fog pollution
2.0757 霜害 frost injury
2.0758 水污染 water pollution
2.0759 土壤污染 soil pollution, soil contamination
2.0760 园林小气候 garden microclimate
2.0761 环境保护植物 environmental conservation plant
2.0762 引气候调节 climatic regulation
2.0763 自动调节机能 homeostasis
2.0764 生态平衡 ecological homeostasis
2.0765 森林生态系统 forest ecosystem
2.0766 草原生态系统 prairie ecosystem
2.0767 滞尘植物 dust holding plant

其他:
A
Accessibility 可达性
Accessible route 易达的路线
advance notice 事先通知
aerial photogrammetry 航空摄影测量
aerobic digesters 需氧消化池
aesthetic considerations 审美方面的考虑
brick and concrete block walls 砖和混凝土砌块墙
stone walls 石头墙
wood and metal fences 木头和金属栅栏
aesthetic controls 审美控制
aggregate base 混合基础
AIA 美国建筑师协会
Anaerobic digesters 厌氧分解池
APA 美国规划师协会
arterial streets 主干道
as-built records 施工记录
美国景观建筑师协会
athletic facility 运动设施
average walking distance 平均步行距离
axioms 原理

B
backfill 回填
backhoe 挖沟机
bar charts 横道图
barrier design 障碍设计
beams 大梁
bearing capacity 承载力
benchmarks 水准点
billing 帐簿
biodiversity 生物多样性
bioengineering 生物工程
biomass 生物量
bioretention ponds 生物滞留池
boardwalks 栈桥
bonding company 担保公司
bonuses 奖金
boundary definition 边界确定
boundary survey 边界测量
brown fields 褐色土地
bulldozers 推土机
business development 商业开发
business parks 商业园区

C
cadastral survey 地籍测量
camping 野营
candlepower 烛光度
cantilevered wall 悬臂墙
cascading waterfalls瀑布叠水
certificates of payment 付款证明书
certifications of compliance 应允证明书
cesspools 化粪池,污水坑,污水渗井,粪坑
change orders 变更单
changes, unauthorized 未经同意的变更
channels, stormwater 雨水沟渠,槽,渠道
circulation control 循环控制
circulation patterns 环流模式
clay lenses 粘土防渗层
clay soil 粘土
clean-up 清扫,清理,清除,提纯,净化
clearing and grubbing 清理和除根
client 业主
climate zones 气候带
closeout 竣工
cluster treatment systems 集中式污水处理系统
co-ordinates 坐标
cold 寒带
collected rainwater 收集起来的雨水
collector streets 次干道
colloidal soil 胶质土壤
commercial center design 商业中心设计
communication 电信
community commercial 社区商业
community facility standards 社区设施标准
community parks and recreation planning data 社区公园和文娱体育规划资料
community scale 社区尺度
community standards 社区标准
compaction 压实
competition pools 竞赛用游泳池
composting toilets 堆肥厕所
conceptualization 概念化
concrete crib wall 混凝土格笼墙
cones of vision 视锥
connected imperviousness 连续的非渗透地面
conservation standards 保护标准
constructed wetlands 人工湿地
construction 施工
brick and concrete block walls 砖和混凝土砌块墙
stone walls 石头墙
wood and metal fences 木头和金属栅栏
construction document 施工文件
construction layout 施工布局
construction observation 施工监理
construction permits 施工许可
construction sequence 施工顺序
construction survey 施工测量
contingencies 临时费
contingency allowance 临时津贴
contract 合同
responsibilities 责任
types of 类型
unauthorized changes 未经同意的变更
contract documents 合同文件
control points 控制点
conveyance techniques, stormwater 雨水的输送技术
corrective observation 校正性(补救性,修正性)检查(监理)
corridors 廊道
cost data 造价数据
cost estimate components 造价估算内容
equipment costs 设备费
equipment crew costs 设备人工费
general requirements costs 一般要求的费用
labor cost 人工费
location 位置,地点
material 材料
overtime 加班费
productivity 生产率
project scale 项目规模
quantity take-off methods 起点数量法
cost estimating 造价估算
cost plus 造价累计
court games 场地运动
court surface 运动场地地面
CPM 关键路径法
Critical Path Method. See CPM 关键路径法,见CPM
CSI 施工规范原理
culverts 涵洞,暗沟,管道
cut operations 挖方工程

D
datum 数据
decking平台面,铺板
decks平台,甲板
basic components 基本内容
design requirements 设计要求
estimating design load 估算设计荷载
framing method 结构方法
plank-and-beam framing 厚木板梁框架
platform framing 平台框架
material 材料
hardware 五金件
wood 木料,木材
site analysis 场地分析
span tables 跨度表
structural design 结构设计
decks, function of 平台的功能
deferred maintenance 延期维修(维护)
demolition, general 整体破坏
demolition ,selective 选择性破坏
density 密度
design development 设计扩初,设计深化
design framework 设计框架
design impacts 设计影响
design quality 设计质量
design speed 设计速度
detail scale 细部尺度
detention ponds 滞留池
development 开发
industrial. See industrial development 工业,见工业开发
residential. See residential development 居住,见居住开发
development programming 开发计划
development types, industrial and business 开发类型,工业和商业
dimensional Criteria 标注标准
dimensions 标注
dimension of human figures 人体尺度
direct labor 直接人工费
disconnected imperviousness 不连续的非渗透地面
disposal 处理,处置,排除,清除
DL. See direct labor DL.见直接人工费
drainage 排水,流域面积,排洪,排水系统
drinking water 饮用水
dry detention ponds 干滞池
durability 耐久性
E
Eames, Charles and Ray 查理•埃姆斯和雷
earthwork 土方
ecological impact 生态影响
economic impact 经济影响
edge habitat 边缘栖息地
edge restraint 边缘限制
electrical lines 电力线
embodied energy 蕴藏能量
endwalls 尾墙
energy 能量
embodied. See embodied energy 具体化的,见蕴藏能量,具体能量
energy costs 能量造价
environmental impact analysis 环境影响分析
environmental impact statement (EIS) 环境影响报告书(EIS)
scoping process 确定范围程序
environmental modification 环境修复
equipment costs 设备费
equipment crew costs 设备人工费
equivalents 相等物,等同物
estimating 估算
stormwater runoff 雨水径流[量]
estimating water flows 估算水流量
evaluation 评价
evapotranspiration rate 土壤水分蒸发蒸腾损失总量速率
exotic plant species 外来植物物种
eye levels 视平线

F
fabric reinforcement 纤维加固,织物加强件
facilities planning data 设施规划数据
feasibility planning 可行性规划
federal regulations 联邦规范
flood protection 防洪
historic preservation 历史保留
National Environmental Policy Act(NEPA) 国家环境政策法案(NEPA)
NPDES general permits NPDES一般性许可
Section 10 permit 第10条许可
Section 404 permit 第404条许可
fee 费用
cost plus fixed 固定费用之和
lump sum 总数,总合
retainer 律师费
fences and walls 栅栏和围墙
fences, wood and metal 栅栏,木栅栏和金属栅栏
components 组分,内容
construction 施工
aesthetic considerations 审美方面的考虑
structural considerations 结构方面的考虑
field orders 现场通知单
field sports 田径运动
field surfaces 田径运动场地面
field surveys 现场测量
fill operations 填方工程
fill, general 一般性填方
filter strips 滤器,滤池,过滤,滤水
filtration 过滤
filtration systems 过滤系统
finish grading 设计标高
flexible pavement 柔性地面铺装
flood protection 防洪
follow ups 连续
footage 尺长
footcandle 英尺烛光
footing drains 基座处排水,立足点排水
footings 立足点
forward spatial bubbles
foundations 基础
fragmentation 破碎
Freeway or Distributor Systems 高速路或分配者系统
French drains 法式排水
friction coefficient 摩擦系数
frost depth 结冻深度,冰冻深度
frost-thaw cycle 结冻-融化周期
functional requirement 功能要求

G
garden pool 花园游泳池
general conditions 一般情况
general contractor 总承包商
general demolition 整体破坏
general fill 总填方
general requirements 一般要求
general requirements costs 一般要求的费用
general roadway standards 一般道路标准
geodetic survey 测地学测量
GIS 地理信息系统
golf and driving ranges 高尔夫和高尔夫练习场
grading 场地平整
granular soil粒状土壤
gravity wall 重力墙
graywater 灰水
greenfields 绿色用地,绿色土地
ground covers 地被植物
groundwater protection 地下水保护
groundwater recharge 地下水补给
groundwater resources 地下水资源,地下水储量
growing season 生长期
guarantees 抵押物

H
hand level 手动水平仪
handrailings 扶手
hazardous plants 有毒植物
headwalls 头墙
heavy duty 重型的,责任重大的
herbaceous plants 草本植物
highway 高速公路
historic preservation 历史保留
horizontal alignment 平面设计
hot arid 炎热干燥
hot humid 炎热潮湿
hydrographic survey 水文测量
hydrologic cycle 水文周期

I
illuminance 亮度
impervious surface ratio 不渗透地面比例
industrial development 工业开发
industrial parks 工业园区
infiltration beds 渗透床
infiltration ponds 渗透池
infiltration wells 渗透井
infiltration, stormwater 雨水渗透
inspection 检查
installation 安装
Insurance Rate Maps (FIRMs) 保险赔偿比例地图
interpretation 注释,解释
invasive species 入侵物种
irrigation 灌溉
irrigation ponds 灌溉池塘
irrigation systems 灌溉系统
irrigation water, sources of 灌溉水水源

J
job meetings 工作会议
joists 托梁

L
labor costs 人工费
lagoons 塘
lamp characteristics 灯具的特点
landscape assessment 景观评价
Landscape Coefficient(KL) 景观系数(KL)
landscape planning 景观规划
landscape planning strategies 景观规划对策
landscape plantings, calculating water景观种植用水量的计算
large-scale sites 大型场地
layout and surveying 布局和测量
layout methods 布局方法
layout plans 平面图,布局平面
layout requirements 布局要求
layout survey 布局测量
leaching fields 沥滤场
light depreciation 不强烈的抗议
light duty 轻型的
lighting 照明
atmosphere and character 气氛和特征
orientation and identification 方位和识别
safety and security 安全和治安
limit-of-work line 工作期限
local or minor streets 当地的或小街道
local regulations 当地规范(规定)
aesthetic controls 审美控制
construction permits 施工许可
planned unit development regulation 有规划的单元开发规范(规定)
subdivision regulations (土地)再细分规范(规定)
zoning regulations分区规划规范(规定)
rezoning 再分区规划
variances 变动
lumen 流明
luminance 亮度
lump sum fee 总费用
lux 勒克司(国际单位制的照明单位,即米烛光)
Lyle, John Tillman 约翰•蒂尔曼•莱尔
M
magnetic declination 磁力偏差
maintenance and disposal 维修和处理
maintenance period 维修期
maneuvering patterns 运行方式
map projections 地图投影
map scale 制图比例
markup 涨价
master planning 总体规划
MASTERFORMAT 雇主表格
material costs 材料费
material lifecycle cost estimates 材料生命周期造价估算
material samples 材料样品
material selection 材料选择
measures of intensity 强度衡量
residential development 居住开发
retail commercial development 零售商业开发
mechanics lien 机械扣押权
release 让度证书
medium duty 中型
medium-scale sites 中型场地
metes and bounds 界石和边界线
metric ratio 公制比例
mitigation strategies, stormwater 缓解措施,暴雨
mobilization cost 流通费
moisture content 湿度,含水量,水汽含量
monolithic pavement 整体路面,整体铺装
moonlighting 月光式照明
movement criteria 移动标准
multi-family housing 多户住宅
municipal sewer systems 市政排水系统

N
National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) 国家环境政策法案,简称(NEPA)
natural drainageways 自然排水道
natural resources 自然资源
needs assessment 需求评估
negotiation 协议,商议,协商
neighborhood commercial 邻里商业
neighborhood scale 邻里尺度
net positive suction head 净吸真空高度
noxious plants 有毒植物
NEPA general permits 国家环境政策法案的一般许可

O
office parks 办公园区
OH. See overhead OH. 见经常性开支
on-site treatment systems 分散式污水处理系统
open space ratio 开敞空间比例
orientation 超向,方位
ornamental ponds 观赏性水池
ornamental pools 观赏性水池
overhead 经常性开支
annual rate 年度比率
overhead and profit 经常性开支和利润
overruns, time 时间延误
overtime 加班费
overturning 翻腾,水的竖直循环现象
owner 所有者

P
package plants 丛生植物
parking 停车场
parking dimensions 停车场尺寸
parking lot 停车场
parking lots 停车场
parking requirements 停车场要求
patches 斑块
path lighting 小径照明
pathways 小径
pavement铺装,路面
pavement, flexible 柔性铺装,柔性路面
pavement, rigid 刚性铺装,刚性路面
pavements 道路
paver 铺路材料,铺路机,铺石人
paving 铺装,铺路
payment 报酬;支付
non-payment 无报酬的
requests 申请
pedestrian standards 步行标准
penalties 罚金,罚款
percentage of construction 施工的百分比
permitting processes 申请程序
personnel allocation 人员配备
photometric charts 光度表
physical characteristics 物理特征
picnicking 野餐
piers 支墩,支柱,防洪堤
pipes 管道
place scale 场地尺度
plan discrepancies 平面的不符之处
plane survey 平面测量
planned multiuse developments 有计划的综合开发
planned unit development regulations 有计划的单元开发规范
planning 规划
development feasibility planning 开发的可行性规划
landscape planning 景观规划
master planning 总体规划
plant hardiness 植物的抗寒性
plant mortality 植物的死亡率
planting 种植
clean-up and final inspection清理和检查
ground covers 地被植物
seeding and sodding 种草和铺草皮
shrubs 灌木
trees 乔木
planting conditions 种植现状
planting design 种植设计
planting requirements 种植要求
plants, hazardous 有害的植物
plants, herbaceous草本的植物
plants, noxious有毒的植物
plants, salt tolerant 耐盐碱的植物,
play surfaces 游戏场地地面
playgrounds 游戏场地
point of beginning 起始点
pond systems 池塘系统
clay lenses 粘土防渗层
depth 深度
synthetic liners 合成材料垫层,合成材料衬里(衬底)
pools 游泳池
competition 竞赛用游泳池
recreational 娱乐用游泳池
pools structure 游泳池结构
depth 深度
freeboard 干舷
posts 柱
potable water 饮用水
Powers of Ten 十的力量
precipitation 降雨,降水量
precision 精确性;准确性
prepared subgrade 素土夯实
preventative observation 预防性监理
pricing 报价
material lifecycle cost estimates 材料生命周期造价估算
overhead and profit 经常性开支和利润
square meter cost estimates 平方米造价估算
systems estimates 系统估算法
unit price cost calculation 单位标价造价计算
privacy 私密性
private garden 私家花园
product distribution 产品销售
product packaging 产品包装
productivity 生产率
project budget 项目预算
project closeout 项目竣工
project meetings 项目会议
project observation 项目检查
project records 项目登记
project scale 项目规模
proprietary surfaces 地上有房产
public garden 公共花园
public plaza 公共广场
pumps 水泵
punch list 打孔登记表
punch lists 打孔登记表

Q
quantity take-off methods 数量估算法

R
ramp slopes 坡道坡度
ramps 坡道
rates, standard billing 标准记帐率
Rational Method 推理计算方法
raw material 原材料
re-use 再利用
recharge trenches (地下水)补给沟渠
recreation standards 文娱体育标准
recreational pools 娱乐用游泳池
recyclable materials 可循环使用的材料
recycled water 循环水
recycling 再循环使用(的)
regional commercial 地区性商业
regional considerations 地区性居住
regional scale 区域尺度
regulations, federal联邦的规范(规定)
regulations, local地方的规范(规定)
regulations, state州的规范(规定)
reimbursable expenses 可补偿费用
reinforced embankments 加固的土堤,加固筑堤
rejections 排斥,阻止,抑制
replacements 替代
reservoir structures 水库构筑物,蓄水池,贮器
residential development 居住开发
residential standards 居住标准
retail commercial development 零售商业开发
appropriateness of a given site for 某个特定场地的适宜性
retainer 律师费
retaining structures 护土结构,阻挡构筑物
types of 类型
retaining walls 挡土墙
retention ponds See wet detention ponds 滞留池,见调节池,贮水池
rigid pavement 刚性路面
rigid retaining walls 刚性挡土墙
risk 风险
roads 道路
roadway design elements 道路设计要素
roadway dimensions 道路尺寸
rock removal 去除岩石
roof garden 屋顶花园
rough grading 粗略的场地平整
Route Survey A survey of existing or alignment of route survey 现状测量的线路测量或道路定线测量
runoff coefficients, stormwater雨水径流系数
S
safety and security 安全和保安
salt tolerant plants 耐盐植物
saltwater intrusion 咸水(海水)侵入
sand filters 砂滤池,砂滤层
scheduling 制定日程表
schematic studies 方案研究
Schueler’s Shortcut Method 许勒尔捷径法,斯库勒快捷方式
scope of services 服务范围
scope of work 工作范围
screening and circulation 屏障和组织交通
SCS Runoff Curve Number Method土地保护局水土保持局的径流曲线数值法
seatwalls 坐椅式矮墙
Section 10 Permit 第10条许可
Section 404 Permit 第404条许可
seeding 种草
segmental and stack wall retaining systems 护土段墙和垒墙系统
seismic conditions 地震状况
selective demolition 选择性破坏
sensory stimuli 感官刺激
septic systems 净化系统
settlement at the toe 在坡底建房
sewer systems municipal 市政排水系统
shadow calculations 投影计算
sheet flow地表水膜,水膜浅流,层流,片流
shop drawing 产品安装图
shrubs 灌木
shut-downs 暂时停工
signage 标志
silhouette lighting 轮廓照明
single-family attached homes 独户式联排住宅
single-family detached home 独户式独立住宅
site clearing 场地清理
site furnishings 场地美化
site selection 场地选择
sites, large-scale大型的场地
sliding 滑动,移动
small scale sites 小型场地
Small Storm Hydrology Method 小型暴雨水文法
social impact 社会影响
sodding 铺草皮
soil characteristics 土壤特征
soil pressure forces 土壤压力
soil, colloidal 胶质土壤
soil, granular 粒状土壤
soil, weight of 土壤质量,土壤重量
span tables 跨度表
spatial scale 空间尺度
Spatial Standards 空间标准
specifications 说明书,具体要求
spotlighting 射灯照明
spouting fountains 喷射喷泉
spray displays 喷射装置
spread lighting泛光灯照明
sprinkler systems, conventional 传统的喷水系统
drip system, low-volume 耗水量低的滴灌系统
container plants 盆栽植物
head selection and layout喷头选择和布置
precipitation rate 沉淀率,喷水速率
square meter cost estimate 平方米造价估算
square unit 平方单位
stability testes 稳定性检测
stage-storage curve
stairway楼梯
staking 定桩
standard billing rates 标准记帐率
state regulations 州规范
state environmental policy acts (SEPAs) 州环境政策法案,简称(SEPAs)
station offsets 源点偏移
stockpiling 储备
storage, stormwater 雨水蓄积,暴雨蓄积
storm sewers 雨水排水管
stormwater management 雨水管理,暴雨管理
stormwater peak discharge 雨水高峰排放量
stormwater runoff estimating 雨水径流估算
stormwater storage 雨水蓄积
structural considerations 结构方面的考虑
brick and concrete block walls 砖和混凝土砌块墙
stone walls 石头墙
wood and metal fences 木头和金属栅栏
subbase 基础,路基
subdivision regulations (土地)再细分规范
subdrain 地下排水
subgrade 地基
subgrade conditions 地基现状
substitutions 代用
superelevation 超高
surface 地面
surface water 地表水
surface water supplies 地表水供应
surface 地面
court 运动场地
field 运动场
play 游戏场
track 跑道
surfacing 地面处理
surfacing requirements 地面处理要求
swales 洼地
swimming 游泳
swimming pools 游泳池
systems estimates 系统估算

T
telecommunication lines 电信线路
temperate 温和的,适度的
tests 检测
time delays 时间延误
time of concentration 浓缩时间
time over-runs 加班时间
topographic survey地形测量
topsoil stripping 表土剥离
tot lots儿童游戏场,幼儿游戏场
townscape 城市景观
toxicity 毒性
track and field 跑道和运动场
track surface 跑道地面
traverse 导线
tread-riser ratios 踏步宽和踏步高的比值
tree protection 树木保护
tree-planting, techniques 植树技术
trenching 挖沟

U
U.S. Customary Scale 美国惯用比例
unauthorized changes 未经同意的变更
uniformity 均匀,一律,一致性
unit costs 单位造价
unit pavement 单体铺装,单位路面
unit price cost calculation 单位标价造价计算
updating 最新式的
uplighting 向上照明
urban streams 城市河流
urban street 城市街道

V
vegetation, existing 现状植被
vehicular circulation systems 机动车交通系统
vehicular standards 机动车标准
verification 证实
vertical alignment 纵断面
Visual Criteria 视觉标准

W
walks 步行道路
walls, brick and concrete block砖和混凝土砌块墙
aesthetic considerations 审美方面的考虑
components 组成,内容
construction 施工
structural considerations 结构方面的考虑
walls, stone 石头墙
components 组成,内容
construction施工
aesthetic considerations 审美的考虑
structural considerations 审美方面的考虑
waste resources 垃圾资源
wastes 垃圾
wastewater treatment 污水处理
water demand 用水需求
water feature 水景,水体特征
considerations in use of 用途方面的考虑
display pumps 喷灌泵
evaporation 蒸发
lighting 照明
piping 管道
pressure 水压
recycled water 循环使用的水
system requirements 系统要求
water effects 水景效果
Water Quality 水质
water quality volume 水质容积
water resource protection 水源保护
water resource, demand on 水源需要
water resource 水源
water supply 给水
watershed 流域
wearing course 面层,磨损过程
wearing surface 正在磨损的表面
weep hole 泄水孔
wet detention ponds 湿滞留池
wheel load 车轮轮压
wildlife migration 野生生物迁徙
wood deck 木质甲板(平台)
working documents. See construction documents 工作文件,见施工文件
WQV. See water quality volume WQV.见水质体积

Z
zoning regulations 分区规划规定
rezoning 再分区规划
variances 变动

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